To Whom it May Concern,

I recently attended an 8-day tracking course taught by CITT instructors Andreas Liebenberg and Colin Patrick.  Andreas and Colin are both incredible trackers, but more importantly, they are excellent instructors and helped me see what they were seeing when following a trail.  The course was well-run, with a comfortable mobile tent camp and good food.  The area where the training was conducted had a variety of ground cover and soil substrates.  Trails were usually several kilometers in length.  The course was also pleasantly devoid of the arrogance and egos which unfortunately accompany many tactical training courses.  This course far surpassed my expectations and I learned new tracking techniques that I wish I would have had prior to my assignments in Colombia and Afghanistan.  While I am relatively new to the African bush, the CITT course greatly increased my awareness skills and particularly how to operate safely while in a Big 5 environment.  I particularly learned a lot from the emphasis placed on bird alarm calls, wind consideration, and the presence of birds that are found in close proximity to potentially dangerous game.  An extra bonus was seeing elephant, white rhino, buffalo, and spotted hyena at close proximity while on foot in the bush on numerous occasions. 

As a criminal investigator, I have seen the value of intelligence that can be gathered from tracks and sign left by criminals/terrorists and yet it is often unfortunately overlooked by law enforcement and prosecutors.   In addition to tracking down armed suspects, the training offered by CITT is beneficial to close-protection officers that need to check an estate perimeter for intrusion, search and rescue personnel looking for a lost child, or police officers conducting the follow up of a crime scene.  I highly recommend the CITT course to anyone interested in tracking, particularly those in law enforcement, military, search and rescue, or other related fields.

Mark Richardson
Special Agent - Diplomatic Security Service
U.S. Department of State


1. I had the opportunity to attend the September Counter Insurgency Tracker Training (CITT) course in the Timbavati Nature Reserve. The course was presented over a period of 8 days by Andreas Liebenberg, Colin Patrick and Doctor Morake. It was a thoroughly enjoyable experience being in nature every day and living with in close proximity of the big 5.

2. I have a Special Forces background with experience in the development, training and operational application of combat tracking teams. The CITT Course Combat Tracker Team is tactical correct and well presented in a professional manner. The difference to a military equivalent course is the time spent studying animal tracks and signs of nature. This information is utilised to determine the age of the track and interpreting the actions done by your quarry. It was insightful as how to use nature to better understand the physical tracking of the human opponent.

3. Except for the unique aspects mentioned does the course present all the required skills needed to execute a successful follow-up after shots heard, track and the conclusion thereof. Another outstanding activity was the utilisation of a fixed wing asset to aid in the follow-up and suppression of opponents' movement.

4. I can recommend the course to professionals and interested parties alike. It is a well presented interesting course.


Jacques Du Toit

"Exceptional course conducted by exceptional trainers, the course totally exceeded expectations. I've had the privilege of learning from Colin and Andreas on previous courses involving firearms training and tactics, animal trailing and track and sign and jumped at the opportunity to once again be exposed to their vast expanse of knowledge out in the field. Knowing them I ultimately expected nothing short of the best and knew I would walk away being more than competent to use my knewly acquired skills in man tracking but I never expected to gain so much extra knowledge from the guests they brought in to give first hand and frontline insight to the plight our rangers and our Rhino in particular are facing today. These discussions, the training experience with live air support and the experience of  seeing first hand how tracker dogs can work together with human trackers on top of the already exceptional course material made for a learning experience that is invaluable and not only will it stay with me for ever and help with general life skills but has further inspired me to put it into practice and help fight back against the devastating attacks on our wildlife and precious eco-systems."

- Denis Post

"The C.I.T.T. course is by far the best way to learn how to track human quarry in a wilderness environment. The knowledge and exhaustive amount of experience that the instructors have ensure that this course is of the highest standard and left me with the sense of actually having attained a unique and challenging skill. I highly recommend the course if you want to learn how to track a person or if you want to gain some insight into what sacrifices our rangers make in order protect our wilderness heritage."

- Dylan Freeman


Course Content

• Introduction
• Qualities of a good tracker
• Spoor detection and patrol principles
• Track and sign ID – man and animal
• Track and sign interpretation – man and animal
• Ageing of spoor
• Interpreting a human trail
• Use of GPS, compass and camera in the field
• Scene interpretation and intelligence gathering
• Tactical team tracking
• Effective hand signal communication
• Lost spoor procedures
• Anti-tracking
• ID Anti-tracking and relocate suspects tracks
• Important SOP's
• Managing the bigger response to incursion

SAWC logo

In response to the current rhino-poaching crisis in South Africa, a joint initiative between the Southern African Wildlife College (SAWC) and Counter Insurgency Trackers Training (CITT) was established.

Legal and SASSETA Accreditaion

Within the current legal system, perpetrators (poachers) are, in many instances, not convicted in our courts due to technicalities. It is essential that the field rangers or game guards conducting counter-poaching operations are qualified at a national level in man tracking. We have registered our course via the SAWC with SASSETA (Safety & Security Sector Education Training Authority). Once the learners pass the course, they receive a certificate from SASSETA, which is nationally recognised. In addition, a certificate from the SAWC is issued to the learner.


For more information please email